Cùng một ý nghĩa nhưng 1 câu có nhiều cách viết khác nhau trong tiếng Anh. Đây cũng là dạng bài tập thường gặp, đặc biệt đối với các đề thi môn tiếng Anh trong trường cấp 2, cấp 3, đại học. Cùng elaopa.org tìm hiểu về các cấu trúc viết lại câu nâng cao trong tiếng Anh bạn nhé!


1. Các cấu trúc viết lại câu thường gặp trong tiếng Anh

1.

Bạn đang xem: Cấu trúc viết lại câu nâng cao

to prefer doing sth to doing sth = would rather do sth than do sth ‘= S + like sth/doing sth better than sth/doing sthNghĩa: thích làm gì hơn làm gì

2. to look at (v)= to have a look at (n): nhìn vào

3. to think about = to give thought to : nghĩ về

4. it’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth: có nghĩa vụ làm gì

5. to be determined to = to have a determination to: dự định

6. to know (about) = to have knowledge of: biết

7. to be not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sthNghĩa: không đáng, vô ích làm gì

8. to tend to = to have a tendency to : có khuynh hướng

9. to intend to +inf = to have intention of + V_ing: dự định


*
*
*
*
Cách viết lại câu trong tiếng Anh

19. S + be + adj = S + V + O

20. S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving/ N

21. S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving/ N

VD: Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties.

= Nana is used to crying when she meets with difficulties

22. This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/ N

VD: This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end of the movie.

= I was not used to seeing so many people crying at the end of the movie.

23. S + would prefer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)

24. S + like sth/ doing sth better than sth/ doing sth = S + would rather + V + than + V = S + prefer sth/ doing sth to sth/ doing sth…

VD: I prefer going shoping to playing volleyball.

= I would rather go shoping than play volleyball.

26. S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V

27. It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth

28. S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth

29. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + be + PII

30. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + do sth

31. S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth

VD: I like do collecting stamps.

= I’m fond of collecting stamps.

32. I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S. O + to do Sth

VD: My boss let him be on leave for wedding.

= My boss allow him to be on leave for wedding.

33. S + once + past verb = S + would to + do sth.

34. S + present verb (negative) any more = S + would to + do sth.

35. S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

VD: She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination.

= She studies hard to pass the final examination.

36. S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

37. To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V

38. S + V + and + S + V = S + V + both… and

39. S + V + not only… + but also = S + V + both… and

40. S + V + both… and… = S + V + not only… but also…

VD: He translated fast and correctly.

= He translated not only fast but also correctly.

41. S1+simple present+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple present + S2 + simple futher.

42. S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = If Clause

43. Various facts given = Mệnh đề if thể hiện điều trái ngược thực tế.

44. S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 + V2 (khẳng định)

45. S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj clause.

46. S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj clause.

47. S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj clause.

48. S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj clause.

49. S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj clause.

50. S + V + if + S + V (phủ định) = S + V + unless + S + V (khẳng định)

51. S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth

52. Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive

53. In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive: quan điểm của tôi

54. S + advise = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive

55. Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive

56. S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: She gets him to spend more time with her.

= She have him spend more time with her.

57. S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: Police asked him to identify the other man in the next room.

= Police have him identify the other man in the next room.

58. S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth

VD: The teacher request students to learn by heart this poem.

= The teacher have students learn by heart this poem.

59. S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: I want her to lend me

= I have her lend me.

60. S + V + no + N = S + be + N-less

VD: She always speaks no care.

= She is always careless about her words.

61. S + be + adj + that + S + V = S + be + adj + to + V

VD: Study is necessary that you will get a good life in the future.

= Study is necessary to get a good life in the future.

62. S + be + adj + prep = S + V + adv

VD: My students are very good at Mathematics.

= My students study Mathematics well.

63. S + remember + to do Sth = S + don’t forget + to do Sth

VD: I remember to have a Maths test tomorrow = I don’t forget to have a Maths test tomorrow.

64. It + be + adj = What + a + adj + N!

VD: It was an interesting film.

= What an interesting film!

65. S + V + adv = How + adj + S + be…

VD: She washes clothes quickly.

= How quick she is to wash clothes.

66. S + be + ing-adj = S + be + ed-adj

67. S + V = S + be + ed-adj

68. S + V + Khoảng thời gian = It + take + (sb) + Khoảng thời gian + to + V

VD: She have learned English for 5 years.

= It takes her 5 year to learn English.

69. S + be + too + adj + (for s. o) + to + V = S + be + so + adj + that + S + can’t + V

VD: The water is too hot for Peter to drink.

= The water is so hot that Peter can’t drink

70. S + V + too + adv + to + V = S + V + so + adv + that + S + can’t + V

71. S + be + so + adj + that + S + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V

72. S + be + too + adj + to + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V

73. S + V + so + adv + that + S + V = It + V + such + (a/ an) + N(s) + that + S +V

VD: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

= He does not speak softly.

74. Because + clause = Because of + noun/ gerund

VD: Because she is absent from school.

Xem thêm: " Hộp Mực Máy In Canon 3300 ( 308) ( Hàng Nhập Khẩu ), Hop Muc Canon 3300

= Because of her absence from school.

75. to look at (v)= to have a look at (n): nhìn vào

76. to think about = to give thought to: nghĩ về

77.to be determined to = to have a determination to: dự định

78. to know (about) = to have knowledge of: biết

79. to be not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng, vô ích làm gì